With the rare opportunity of the Beijing Olympic Games and the commissioning of the T3 terminal, Beijing Capital International Airport (hereinafter referred to as “Capital Airport”) not only achieved a significant increase in passenger and cargo throughput capacity of more than 100%, but also achieved service levels. A huge leap.

Since 2004, the "Olympic Games" has been the key word for the development strategy of the Capital Airport. However, after the victory of the "Olympic Campaign", as the "first country of China", where is the next excitement of the Capital Airport?

“Building a world-class large international hub airport in 2015” is a new dream put forward by the Capital Airport after the Olympics. However, the 2012 throughput capacity will be saturated, but it is a realistic problem facing the Capital Airport. A few days ago, China Economic Weekly interviewed Zhang Zhizhong, the general manager of Capital Airport Group Corporation, to reveal the "new dream" of the Capital Airport after the Olympics and the financial crisis.

Hosting the ROUTES Forum in September

On July 10th, the launching ceremony of the 15th World Route Development Forum (ROUTES) was held in Beijing. It was announced that from September 13 to September 15 this year, the ROUTES Forum, known as the “Olympic Games” of the international civil aviation industry, will come for the first time. China, came to Beijing. At that time, nearly 3,000 people from nearly 400 major airlines, 500 airports, local tourism bureaus, industry suppliers and trade organizations from all over the world will gather in Beijing.

As the organizer of this forum, Capital Airport regards it as an important opportunity for international marketing and promotion of hub brands after the Beijing Olympic Games.

“The competition for the ROUTES Forum is very fierce, and it is not easy to get the right to undertake the contract.” Zhang Zhizhong told China Economic Weekly, “The ROUTES Forum is actually an aviation product trade fair in our aviation field, all coming from major airlines. The company's CEOs and some leaders in charge of route planning, so we must make full use of this platform, seize this opportunity to showcase Beijing and showcase the development of China's civil aviation industry, in order to realize that we will build the Capital Airport into a world-class large international in 2015. The strategic goal of the hub airport."

In fact, since 2004, the Capital Airport has participated in the ROUTES Forum every year. With this platform, Capital Airport has already communicated with hundreds of airlines abroad to develop international routes, and successfully introduced Continental Airlines Inc., Air New Zealand, and Polish Airlines. LOT Polish Airlines), Etihad Airways and other foreign airlines have successively opened a number of international routes such as Sydney, Newark, Abu Dhabi, Auckland, Berlin and Brussels.

According to the relevant person in charge of the Capital Airport, from the perspective of revenue, each international flight departing passengers will bring more than twice the income of the Capital Airport than the domestic passengers leaving the port. “International routes are not only the main contributors to the operating income of the Capital Airport, but also an important factor in building the hub in the future. Hosting the 2009ROUTES Forum and opening new international routes will bring considerable aviation revenue and business income to the Capital Airport.” People said.

"So far, the demand of the world airlines for the Capital Airport is quite strong." Zhang Zhizhong said, "The original Capital Airport's operating resources are very tight. The Terminals 1 and 2 add up to 400,000 square meters. But with With nearly 1 million square meters of T3 terminal installed, the operating resources have increased significantly. I think more airlines will come in. There are more than 60 foreign airlines flying to Beijing, but there will be more demand in the future. ”

Building an Asian hub airport

Zhang Zhizhong repeatedly emphasized that “building the Capital Airport into a large international hub airport by 2015” is the strategic goal for the future development of the Capital Airport at the beginning of this year. By then, the Capital Airport will not only be "the first gateway to China", but also an international transshipment hub.

This strategic goal includes at least five specific criteria: First, passenger throughput, cargo and mail throughput, and transportation movements are among the top ten in the world, with passenger throughput reaching the top five in the world; The ratio of transit passengers is 20% to 30%; the third is the shortest transfer time average of 60 minutes; the fourth is the peak hour landings to 120; the fifth is to increase the destinations and weekly frequencies in Europe and North America to achieve route network layout. Optimization.

To become a hub airport, the importance of fighting for allies, increasing destinations and routes is self-evident. This is one of the reasons why the Capital Airport will host the ROUTES Forum as a major development opportunity.

“Like airlines such as Star Alliance, Universal, and SkyTeam, there is also a competitive and cooperative relationship between airports. We participated in the East Asia Airport Alliance in 2004 and have already cooperated with 13 airports. We have also signed a friendly airport agreement with international airports such as Athens Airport," said Zhang Zhizhong.

In 2008, the Capital Airport has surpassed Frankfurt Airport to become the eighth-ranked airport in the world. As the largest airport management group in China, Capital Airport Group currently has 35 wholly-owned and hosted member airports, including 9 trunk lines including the capital, Tianjin, Nanchang, Wuhan, Chongqing, Guiyang, Changchun, Hohhot and Harbin. airport. In 2008, the passenger throughput of its member airports exceeded 100 million passengers, accounting for about a quarter of the domestic airport industry.

In 2008, in the Global Airport Service Quality Assessment (ASQ) project organized by the International Airports Association (ACI), the overall annual passenger satisfaction of the Capital Airport reached 4.13, ranking third in the global annual passenger throughput of 40 million passengers. Second only to Hong Kong Airport and Dallas Airport.

"But the large international aviation hub is not a capital airport, because the main carrier on this platform is our airline, and the airport must work closely with these airlines to build China's international aviation hub." Zhang Zhizhong stressed "This is even a country's strategic behavior, such as Incheon Airport in South Korea, where the South Korean government strategically wants to build it into an Asian shipping center."

How to deal with "2012 capacity saturation"

Under the background of the global financial crisis, the entire world aviation industry is even more bleak.

“Air transport is a barometer of the world economy, and the financial crisis has already had a serious impact on the global civil aviation industry.” Zhang Zhizhong said, “As a result, the Capital Airport is also facing the problem of a decline in international passenger throughput, but it is good for domestic routes. According to Zhang Zhizhong, from January to June this year, the Capital Airport has completed a total of 30.9 million passengers from home and abroad, an increase of 19%. Among them, the growth rate of domestic routes reached nearly 30%, which largely compensated for the decline of international routes. "The financial crisis has a process. We now feel that it may be in the second half of this year. With the improvement of the Chinese economy and the slow recovery of the world economy, the transportation of international routes will resume," he said.

However, the financial crisis is not the biggest problem facing the capital airport.

In February last year, the cost of 27 billion yuan, the total construction area of ​​about 1 million square meters, and the world's largest single terminal building, the Capital Airport T3 terminal, has been put into use, which makes the annual design passenger throughput of the Capital Airport From the original 35 million person-times to 78 million person-times, the annual design cargo handling capacity has increased from the original 780,000 tons to 1.8 million tons.

Zhang Zhizhong revealed that the passenger throughput of the Capital Airport was estimated to be approximately 76 million passengers by 2015. However, according to the actual operation situation, “In the first half of this year, from January to June, the Capital Airport has completed passenger throughput of 30.9 million. If the current situation can be maintained, by the end of the year, the passenger throughput of the Capital Airport will definitely exceed We expect 62 million or even more. By 2012, by 10% per year, it is likely to exceed 76 million. So, from 2012 to 2015, we will have three years. The hard days." Zhang Zhizhong said.

At present, the Capital Airport has three runways, belonging to three terminals T1, T2 and T3. The third runway belonging to T3 has not yet completed the huge demand of T3. "The Capital Airport will be built into the fourth runway." Zhang Zhizhong revealed.

Another measure to ease the contradiction is to open a new airport. "We propose to build Beijing's second airport from 2010, and we have begun to reserve talent for the new airport." Zhang Zhizhong said.

In addition, last year, Capital Airport announced that it will return to the A-share market in early 2009, but so far there is no news. "Returning to A-shares is our goal this year. Preparations are still going on, but the specific time needs to be changed according to the market environment. To decide." Zhang Zhizhong said that there is no strict timetable for the return of the Capital Airport to the A shares.

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(China Economic Weekly, /* */ )